Recognizing and Treating Periodontal Disease in Pets
What is Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, refers to an inflammation of the tissues surrounding a pet's teeth. This disease is caused by the buildup of tartar and plaque on your pet's teeth, which can lead to the development of bacteria. If left untreated, periodontal disease can cause severe pain, tooth loss, and infection of the jawbone. As a pet owner, it is essential to recognize the signs of periodontal disease and seek treatment promptly.
Recognizing the Signs of Periodontal Disease
The signs of periodontal disease in pets can be challenging to recognize, as they often develop gradually. Some signs to watch for include bad breath, difficulty chewing, red or swollen gums, loose teeth, and bleeding from the mouth. Additionally, your pet may also experience pain when eating, lose weight, and become lethargic. If you notice any of these signs, it is vital to take your pet to the veterinarian for a dental exam.
Treating Periodontal Disease
If your pet is diagnosed with periodontal disease, there are several treatment options available. The first step is to schedule a dental cleaning with your veterinarian, which involves the removal of tartar and plaque from your pet's teeth. If your pet has advanced periodontal disease, they may require tooth extractions, antibiotics, or other specialized treatments.
Preventing Periodontal Disease
The best way to prevent periodontal disease is to practice good oral hygiene for your pet. This includes regular brushing, the use of dental chews, and providing a healthy diet. Additionally, scheduling regular dental cleanings with your veterinarian can help prevent the buildup of tartar and plaque on your pet's teeth while allowing for early detection of any potential issues.