What Pet Owners Need to Know About Canine Epilepsy

What Pet Owners Need to Know About Canine Epilepsy


Canine epilepsy is one of the most common neurological disorders in dogs, affecting approximately one in every hundred pups. However, despite its prevalence, many pet owners are not aware of the signs and symptoms of this condition or how to manage it. Here are some things you need to know about canine epilepsy.

What is Epilepsy?

Epilepsy is a neurological condition that causes seizures. Seizures are caused by abnormal electrical activity in the brain. In dogs, seizures can be caused by a number of factors, including genetics, trauma, brain tumors, toxins, and immune disorders. In some cases, the cause of epilepsy is unknown.

Signs and Symptoms:

The signs and symptoms of epilepsy in dogs can vary. Some dogs may exhibit only mild symptoms, while others may experience severe seizures that can last several minutes. Common signs of epilepsy in dogs include:

- Tremors or shaking
- Loss of consciousness
- Stiffening of the body
- Drooling or foaming at the mouth
- Uncontrollable urination or defecation
- Vocalizations


There is no cure for epilepsy in dogs. However, the condition can be managed with medication. Your veterinarian may prescribe anticonvulsant medication to control your dog's seizures. It is important to give the medication exactly as prescribed and to never stop administering medication without first consulting your veterinarian. In addition to medication, you can help manage your dog's epilepsy by avoiding triggers that may cause seizures, such as flashing lights or loud noises.

Lifestyle Changes:

If your dog is diagnosed with epilepsy, there are several lifestyle changes you can make to help manage the condition. For example, you can make sure your dog gets plenty of exercise, eats a balanced diet, and gets enough rest. You may also need to make changes to your home environment to reduce the risk of injury during a seizure. For example, you may need to remove sharp objects or furniture that your dog could bump into during a seizure.


If you suspect that your dog may be experiencing seizures, it is important to take them to the veterinarian as soon as possible. Managing canine epilepsy requires a team effort between you and your veterinarian. By working together, you can help keep your dog healthy and comfortable. Remember, epilepsy is a manageable condition, and with proper care, your dog can live a happy life.